Geographical Indications on a Wine Label

Geographical Indications

Geographical indications (GI) are common to all wine producing regions & are  often featured on wine labels. A GI is a name which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country.) The use of a geographical indication may act as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to specific methods, or is of a certain quality due to its geographical origin. The use of these geographical indications is tightly controlled to ensure that consumers get what they are paying for, that the bottle contains the type of grapes listed, and that the grapes were grown in the location stated on the bottle. 

European Union

The European Union (EU) wines with a GI are divided into 2 categories: wines with a Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO) & wines with a Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). These terms rarely appear appear on the bottle of wine, as majority of producers prefer to label using the long-established traditional terms.

  Traditional terms for PDO wine Traditional terms for PGI wine
France Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) Vin de Pays (VdP)
Italy Denominazione di Origine Cotrollata (DOC),
Denominazione di Origine Cotrollata e Garantita (DOCG)
Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT)
Spain Denominación de Origen (DO),
Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOCa)
Vino de la Tierra (VdlT)
Germany Prädikatswein, Qualitätswein Landwein

Other Wine Producing Regions

Nearly all non-EU wines in the international market are in the category of 'Wines with a GI.' Every country has it's own regulations of how these regions are established & how their names can be used. Unlike European wine labels, most other regions do not list the level of legal category.